PointNet-based modeling of systematic distance deviations for improved TLS accuracy

verfasst von
Jan Hartmann, Dominik Ernst, Ingo Neumann, Hamza Alkhatib

Terrestrial laser scanners (TLSs) have become indispensable for acquiring highly detailed and accurate 3D representations of the physical world. However, the acquired data is subject to systematic deviations in distance measurements due to external influences, such as distance and incidence angle. This research introduces a calibration approach by applying a deep learning model based on PointNet to predict and correct these systematic distance deviations, incorporating not only the XYZ coordinates but also additional features like intensity, incidence angle, and distances within a local neighbourhood radius of 5 cm. By predicting and subsequently correcting systematic distance deviations, the quality of TLS point clouds can be improved. Hence, our model is designed to complement and build upon the foundation of prior internal TLS calibration. A data set collected under controlled environmental conditions, containing various objects of different materials, served as the basis for training and validation the PointNet based model. In addition our analysis showcase the model's capability to accurately model systematic distance deviations, outperforming existing methods like gradient boosting trees by capturing the spatial relationships and dependencies within the data more effectively. By defining test data sets, excluded from the training process, we underscore the ongoing effectiveness of our model's distance measurement calibration, showcasing its ability to improve the accuracy of the TLS point cloud.

Geodätisches Institut
Journal of Applied Geodesy
Elektronisch veröffentlicht (E-Pub)
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Modellierung und Simulation, Ingenieurwesen (sonstige), Erdkunde und Planetologie (sonstige)
Elektronische Version(en)
https://doi.org/10.1515/jag-2023-0097 (Zugang: Geschlossen)

Details im Forschungsportal „Research@Leibniz University“