Land consolidation activities in Sub-Saharan Africa towards the agenda 2030: A tale of three countries

authored by
Kwabena Asiama, Winrich Voß, Rohan Bennett, Innocent Rubanje

Land consolidation activities have generally failed in the Sub-Saharan African region for various reasons. However, there has been a new wave of land consolidation activities in the past two decades. This study examines how contemporary land consolidation activities in Sub-Saharan Africa contribute to the achievement of the SDGs, specifically ending poverty, ending hunger, and developing sustainable cities and settlements through land tenure security, food security, and rural development initiatives at country level. Using cases from Rwanda, Ethiopia, and Ghana, the study draws lessons on how land consolidation activities can contribute to the 2030 agenda. In Rwanda, it is found that though land use consolidation is a locally developed strategy for food security, due to its focus on the national level, household food security is actually lowering. Perceptions of land tenure security are also lower, despite an increase in legal tenure security. In Ghana, it is seen that the technical processes of land consolidation, though they hold the potential to increase food security, they will not fit with the existing land tenure system. Finally, in Ethiopia, it is seen that a bottom-up land consolidation is flexible and sensitive to local needs, however, scaling is difficult without the strong governmental involvement. Overall, land consolidation in SSA could deliver significantly to those SDGs relating to food security, poverty reduction, and landscape management. However, realistically, to achieve measurable country-wide or regional impact by 2030, immediate and strong governmental support tied to collaboration with community leadership is essential.

Geodetic Institute
External Organisation(s)
Swinburne University of Technology
Rwanda Natural Resources Authority
Land Use Policy
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Forestry, Geography, Planning and Development, Nature and Landscape Conservation, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 1 - No Poverty, SDG 2 - Zero Hunger, SDG 15 - Life on Land
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